Monday, February 23, 2015

Basic of GRAMMAR - LET US REVISE What is NOUNS with simple exercise


What is a noun?
"A noun is the name of a person, place or thing. " A common noun is the name of persons, places and things in general such as man, school and book.

A proper noun is the name of a particular person, place or thing, such as Sathish, Chennai, Onida etc. All proper nouns start with a capital letter.

A collective noun is the name given to a group of things, for example a flock of birds or a herd of cows.
An abstract noun is something you can't see, hear, touch or taste These can be emotions (happiness, sorrow) orstates (peace, quiet) Material noun is the name of the material with which a thing is made of Example : cotton, wood, silk etc.

EXERCISE - COMMON NOUNS:
Identify the Common Nouns in the following sentences
1. We arrived early at the station.
2. There are different species of fish.
3. The man was trying to steal her car

EXERCISE - PROPER NOUNS:
Use capital letters for Proper Nouns in the following sentences
1. paris is the capital of france. ___________________
2. william shakespeare is a famous english dramatist ___________________
3. ‘war and peace‘ was written by leo Tolstoy  ______________________
EXERCISE - ABSTRACT NOUNS:
Form Abstract Nouns of the following words
e.g., child - childhood
happy____________        scholar____________
know _____________    think ______________
strong ___________     wise _____________

EXERCISE - COLLECTIVE NOUNS:
Fill in the blanks with suitable collective nouns from the box given below
(herd, pride, flock)
1.A_______of birds flew high in the sky.
2. They saw a _____of lions at the zoo.
3. The farmer has a ______of cattle on his farm.


Monday, February 16, 2015

What is Suffix - English Grammar

A suffix is a part of a word that is placed at the end of the word to change its meaning.
 
Some of the common suffixes are- ing, ed, s and less
Example: play + ing = playing
Play +ed = played
 
You can also use a word as suffix
Example: child + hood = childhood
End + less = endless

Try to add a suffix to each word shown in the box below. Use the new word to form a meaningful sentence:

En, ed, mate, ing, ship,
a.      Call----
b.      Friend------
c.       Class ------
d.      Bright ----
e.      Wash -------

IV. Read these words one after the other. Read each word clearly so that others can hear the final of the word.


lead sleep Sent Back
wind tab hot Ask
stayed stop feast Trick
bread sheep Next Took
behind Pop Just Click
Reached Keep Left Woke
end drop Don’t dark

Monday, February 9, 2015

GONE FOREVER - Barbara Reeves


In Preparation:

A snow leopard roars in the high mountains of Asia. A black rhinoceros gallops across the plains of Africa. A grizzly bear hunts for fish in a North American river. A mother blue whale and her calf glide through the deep waters of the ocean.

All of these animals share the Earth with us. They fascinate us with their beauty, their grace and their speed. We love observing their behavior and learning more about their habits. But just loving them is not enough. All of these animals are endangered. Many of them have died and without special care, they may someday disappear from the Earth.

Why is it important to care for animals like these? One reason is to protect the balance of life on Earth. Another reason is the beauty of the animals themselves. Each species of animal is special. Once it is gone, it is gone forever.

Africa was once filled with an abundance of wild animals. But that is changing fast. One of these animals, the black rhinoceros, lives on the plains of Africa. It has very poor eyesight and a very bad temper! Even though the black rhino is powerful, and can be dangerous, its strength can't always help it to escape hunters. Some people think that the rhino's horn has magical powers and many hunters kill rhinos for their valuable horns. This has caused the black rhino to be placed on the endangered species list.

The elephant seems to represent all that is strong and wild in Africa. It once had no natural enemies, but is now endangered-killed for its ivory tusks. The fastest land animal, the cheetah, also lives in Africa. It, too, is becoming extinct as people take over more and more of the land that is the cheetah's natural habitat.

Imagine Africa without the powerful rhino, the gentle, intelligent elephant, or the lightning quick cheetah. Once they are gone, they are gone forever.

  Wherever people are careless about the land, there are endangered species.
Grizzly bears like to wander great distances. Bears need up to 1,500 square miles of territory to call its homeland. Today, because forests have been cleared to make room for people, the grizzly's habitat is shrinking and the grizzly is disappearing.  It joins other endangered North American animals, such as the red wolf and the American crocodile.

In South America, the destruction of the rain forest threatens many animals. Unusual mammals, such as the howler monkey and the three toed sloth, are endangered. Beautiful birds like the great green macaw and the golden parakeet are also becoming extinct. They are losing their homes in the rain forest, and thousands die when they are caught and shipped off to be sold as exotic pets.

The giant panda of Asia is a fascinating and unique animal. Yet there are only about 1,000 still living in the wild. The giant panda's diet consists mainly of the bamboo plant, so when the bamboo forests die, so does the panda. China is now making an effort to protect these special creatures from becoming extinct.  Asia's big cats are also in trouble. The exotic snow leopard lives high in the mountains. Even there, it faces the loss of its natural habitat and hunters who kill it for its fur. The tiger, the largest of all the big cats, is hunted merely for sport.  Sea animals are in danger of extinction as well. The blue whale is the largest animal in the world. It weighs up to 390,000 pounds. Whale hunting and pollution are this species‘ greatest enemies. Unfortunately, it is people who cause many of the problems that animals face. We alter and pollute their habitats. We hunt them for skins, tusks, furs, and horns. We destroy animals that get in the way of farming or building. And we remove them from their natural habitats and take them home as pets. What can you do to help endangered animals? Learn as much as you can about them. The more you know, the more you can help. Make an effort to support zoos and wildlife groups. Many zoos breed endangered animals, helping to ensure that they will continue to live on. Contribute to groups, such as the National Wildlife Federation, that works hard to protect animals. You can also be a smart shopper and never buy a pet that has been raised in the wilderness.

The world is made up of many living things and each thing is dependent on the others to survive. If we allow even one species on Earth to become extinct, it has an impact on other living things and changes our world. When we mention any endangered wild animals, let's hope that we never again have to say, "Gone forever."

Thursday, January 22, 2015

REGULAR/IRREGULAR VERB FORMS


Verbs are words that show action. They indicate three different dimensions of time the present, past and future called tense. (e.g., sing, sang, will/shall sing) Auxiliaries are otherwise known as helping verbs. These words are used with present /past participles to make a complete verb. (e.g., 'be'/ 'do'/ ‘have’ verbs) Most action words show tense in a regular way and we state them under Regular
verbs. (e.g., dance-danced; show — showed) Yet, there are certain verbs which change their spelling to show the past tense and the past participle. (e.g.,ring/rang/rung; do/did/done) Such words are said to be irregular verbs.

A. Observe the following irregular verbs:

Present Past Past Participle
Arise arose arisen
Begin began begun
choose chose chosen
draw drew drawn
Eat ate eaten
Fall fell fallen
Give gave  given
Hurt hurt hurt
Know knew known
Lie  lay lain
Meet met  met
Pay paid paid
Ride rode ridden
spend spent spent
See saw seen
Take took taken


B. Fill in the appropriate irregular verbs:


Present Past Past Participle
write wrote written
teach taught taught
swim swam swum
bring brought brought
speak spoke spoken
swear swore sworn
go went gone
grow  grew grown
keep kept kept
run ran  run
fly flew flown
freeze froze frozen
break broke broken
drive drove driven
bite bit bitten
blow  blew blown


C. Read the instructions carefully and write short sentences accordingly:
i. Past tense of catch
ii. Present of bought
iii. Past participle of stick
iv. Past tense of build
v. Present tense of leave

D. Underline the correct word in the brackets:

i. _____Gracy (wear/wore/worn) her favourite frock yesterday.
ii. Lalitha has___ (took/take/taken) medical leave and is expected to join duty next Monday.
iii. According to Roy, within a month, the bamboo plant had ___________(grew/grow/grown) five inches.
iv. Before her demise, Cynthia's grandmother______ (gives/gave/given) her golden wristwatch to her.
v. Kiran and Karun__________ (choose/chose/chosen) a beautiful shade of
green to be painted on their bed room wall.

Tuesday, January 13, 2015

POEM - WHERE THE MIND IS WITHOUT FEAR


Rabindranath Tagore prays for a world without fear— one world held together by freedom. Tagore's poem overflows with a deep sense of patriotism and the power in every Indian to create that freedom which he should enjoy.

Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high
Where knowledge is free
Where the world has not been broken up into fragments
By narrow domestic walls
Where words come out from the depth of truth
Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection
Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way
Into the dreary desert sand of dead habit
Where the mind is led forward by thee
Into ever-widening thought and action
Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake.

- Rabindranath Tagore

We should remember Tagore and recall his contribution made towards the English language. A Bengali poet, artist, novelist and educator, he won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913 which was followed by a series of titles and awards during his carrer.

Synonyms:


Fragments - broken
domestic - country's internal affairs
tireless - putting a lot of hard work and energy into something over a long period of time
striving - working hard
dreary - dull
awake - wake up

In this poem, the poet dreams of an ideal world where everyone is truly free and liberated from all kinds of fetters.

Pick out the lines that mean the following and write below.

1 . fearlessness and dignity _________________
2. freedom of information _______________
3. equality and harmony ___________________
4. truthfulness ______________________
5. striving for excellence _______________