Tuesday, September 29, 2015

Reading Skill exercise

You would be greatly amused to read the story of the highly coveted FIFA football trophy. Here is a passage on it. Read the passage and supply answers to the questions that follow:

 It weights a little more than 5kg and it measures 36.5cm diameter.
 Containing two layers of malachite which is a precious mineral.
 Two human figures holding up the earth are depicted on this
 Holy Grail of football –the FIFA World Cup trophy.

It is a Cup every nation on the world map would love to lay its hands on.

The World cup football tournament owes its creation to the zeal of two French administrators Jules Rimet and Henri Delaunay. It is little wonder then that a French sculptor – Abel Lafleur – was asked to craft the trophy to be awarded to the winners of the inaugural World Cup in 1930. Lafleur christened his baby Victory because the winged Greek goddess of victory, Nike, inspired his design. Victory, with a weight of 3.5 kg and height of 35cm, was made of solid gold on a blue base of lapis lazuli. It comprised an octagonal cup, supported by a winged figure representing Nike. The trophy was named after the FIFA president Jules Rimet in honour of the Frenchman’s service to the game. According to FIFA’s World Cup rules, a team winning the tournament three times would gain ownership of the trophy. Brazil did so in
1970 to take home the Jules Rimet trophy.

The Jules Rimet trophy was stolen from an exhibition at Westminster Central Hall in London four months before the 1966 World Cup. Miraculously, the trophy was found wrapped in a newspaper inside a garden seven days later. It was not Scotland Yard that traced the coveted trophy. A mongrel named Pickles found the ultimate football prize while on a morning walk with its owner! Brazil reacted furiously to the theft, saying “it was a sacrilege that would never have been committed in Brazil where even its thieves loved football too much”. But Brazil had egg on its face 17 years later when the Jules Rimet trophy was stolen from the National Football Federation Office in Rio de Janiero.

Answer the following:

1. The Holy Grail of football refers to ______.
(a) Malachite    (b) the FIFA trophy     (c)    18 gold carrots   (d)  the picture of two human beings

2. The phrase ‘lay is hands on’ means _____.
(a) To steal       (b) to grab   (c)  to secure    (d)  to give away

3. Victory owes its name to _____.
(a) Lapis lazuli   (b) Jules Rimet  (c) the Greek goddess Nike  (d)  a Greek bird

4. Jules Rimet was an eminent personality ______
(a)  In the political arena    (b)   in cine field   (c) in diamond trade   (d) in the patronage of holding up the earthfootball

5. Pickles is the name of ___
(a) An officer form Scotland yard  (b) a dog on a morning walk  (C)  the sculptor of the trophy (d) the captain of the Brazilian team

Wednesday, September 16, 2015

Listening Skill: exercise

Listen to the following passage read out by your teacher and complete the exercise:

It is everyone’s desire to have a personality that is appreciated and admired by all. Personality is the
combination of physical, emotional, spiritual and psychological aspects in a person. If you wish to
enhance your personality, start by respecting yourself and believing in your ability to win respect from others.  Have a positive attitude. In your interaction with others be polite and gentle, doing good to them and for them as far as possible. Give importance to your words. Speak only when it is required and is of utmost necessity. What you say has tremendous power….. it can hurt, it can heal, it can charm or it can harm. A kind word can support a person, motivate him and make him feel good. Be devoted and committed to your work.

Remember you are always a learner even when you have climber up the ladder of position and success. The higher you reach the more humble you should be. The meaning of life is to grow, but grow with changes for the better. Your personality shows when you have a positive outlook, the right
communication, a commitment to work, the will to serve others and humble acceptance of success.

Fill in the blanks in the following sentences:

1. Personality is the combination of physical _______, spiritual and ______ aspects of a person.
2. We should have ______attitude to everything.
3. We should speak only when required  and when of utmost little and only with _______
4. Words have the power of  ____ one  or discouraging one.
5. The higher you reach the more _______ you should be.

Tuesday, September 8, 2015

Vocabulary: Attitude - English exercise

Here are a few words that describe the attitudes of people. Also listed below are some situations/ persons you would associate the words with, March the items appropriately.

Helpful, sympathetic, co-operative, headstrong, obedient

a. Rahim always takes the neighbur’s children to school on his way to the bus-stop. He is _______________

b. Raghav always establishes his views firmly. He refuses to listen to others. He never changes
his opinion. he can be termed _____________

c. Robert’s friend Nazeer is weak is solving problems. Every evening Robert sits with him and
teaches him to work out difficult problems. Robert is ______ Nazeer.

d. Class X A is very ___________ with their teachers. All the students are _____and are
interested in team –work.

Here are some synonyms associated with the attitudes listed below. With the help of a dictionary, try to complete the words:

Attitudes              -            Synonyms

1) Invidious                             un_u_t

2) Reverent                             re _ p _ ct_ u_

3) Generous                            ben _ v _ I _ nt

4) Unsophisticated                 inex _ er _ e _ ced

5) Hostile                                 op _ os _ ng

Thursday, August 27, 2015

Phrasal verbs

Get on           - have a friendly relationship (with), cope it with
Give in           - yield
Stand out      - continue to resist
Lay by            - keep for future use

Guess the meaning of the phrasal verbs given below, making use of the balloons which contain their meanings: 

Give up
Lay over
Get back
Stand – offish
Stand back

Phrases and Clauses:

Identify the phrases and clauses in the following sentences:

a. In spite o-f the rain, the match continued.
b. Have belief in what you do.
c. You should sympathise with those who are struggling.
d. You must not enter wider world without knowledge.
e. If you use your opportunities properly, you will be successful in life.

Wednesday, August 19, 2015

Writing Skill improvement: Idioms to know

Are you idiomatic? Here are some idioms associated with music:

1. To  face the music – to answer for the consequences of one’s  actions
2. To harp on the same string – to make the same point over and over again
3. To strike a chord – to remind one of something ; a feeling of instant rapport with others
4. To sing someone’s praises- to speak very highly of someone
5. To make a song and dance about- to make an unnecessary fuss about
6. To beat the drum- to spread the news, support enthusiastically
7. To play second fiddle- to be treated low/ hold a position of less importance

Complete the following sentence with these idioms: 
1. If you do something really good for the world, future generations will ____.
2. I don’t agree with you on this matter. So don’t______
3. If we don’t complete the work by tomorrow we will have _____
4. The president’s frank speech _____with the audience.
5. Most of the students’ _______for the Student Leader’s college campus reforms.
6. He left the company as he did not want ______ to the new manager.
7.  It’s natural to feel uncomfortable when there is a power- cut during a storm. So don’t_____.