Tuesday, April 13, 2010

English Grammer

ENGLISH GRAMMAR

Basic structure of spoken language is Grammar. Sound, Syllables, words and sentences to achieve communication. Words are formed by combination of sounds called Syllables. All sounds are called phonetics. Long sound and short sound.


Words are formed by combination of sounds called Syllables. All sounds are called phonetics. Long sound and short sound.

There are 4 kinds of sentences
 
1. ASSERTIONS
2. INTERROGATIVE
3. IMPERATIVE
4. EXCLAMATORY

ASSERTIONS

A sentence which makes assertions: Declarative/ Assertive

Fore example:
The boy ran to the beach
A lady is walking down the road
A car is the garage
Children are playing in the garden.
He helped her carry the bags

INTERROGATIVE
A sentence which asks questions
Where do u live?
Is there water shortage in Thane?
How heavy is the bag?
Do you know where can I get these books?

IMPERATIVE

A sentence which expresses, commands, requests, entreaty, called Imperative sentence

Example:
Be silent
Shut the door
Get some water
Please do me this favour.
Have Mercy on us.

EXCLAMATORY
A sentence which expresses strong feeling

What a shame!
What a terrible thing to happen!
Indeed, it is a great event!
An imperative sentence is one where the subject is left out completely
Sit down (“you” is understood)
Thank him
Come here
Run, there is a fire

Subject – Predicate
Wen we make a sentence, we usually do it, to name a person or thing
To say something about that person or thing.
We must have a SUBJECT to speak about and PREDICATE something about the subject.


Subject – Predicate

Hence every sentence has 2 parts.

The part which names the person or thing we are speaking about called the SUBJECT of the sentence.
The part which tells something about the subject called the PREDICATE of the sentence.

The subject usually comes before the predicate

For Example:
The early bird catches the worm.
The school bus has arrived.
A sick room should be well aired.
Delhi is the capital of India.
Occasionally the subject may came later as
Here comes the bus. The bus being the Subject.

You will notice that Subject is usually a noun or pronoun & the Predicate is a verb

ARTICLES
DEFINITE (specific)

The tourist
The area
The card
The hotel
The restaurant
The people
The signs


Indefinite Article

A tourist
An area
A card
A hotel
A restaurant
Some people
Some signs

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