Wednesday, June 16, 2010

Adjective - degree of comparison - English Grammer with exercise

Gandhiji is the greatest Indian leader.
Gandhiji is greater than all other Indian leaders.
No Indian leader is as great as Gandhiji.

In the sentences given above “great, greater and greatest”
are adjectives used in their different degrees of comparison.

The comparative form of an adjective compares two things
or people. The superlative form of an adjective compares more
than two things or people. For most adiectives of one syllable and
some adjectives of two syllables, -er and -est are added to form
the comparative and superlative degrees. For words ending in ‘y’,
it is replaced with ‘i’ before adding -er and -est.

e.g. One syllable words: tall, taller, tallest
dry, drier, driest
Words of two syllables: funny, funnier, funniest
clever, cleverer, cleverest

All longer adjectives including a few disyllabic adjectives,
form the comparative and superlative by adding ‘more’ and ‘most’
before the adjective.

e.g. beautiful, more beautiful, most beautiful
Some adjectives have irregular forms that do not follow these
e.g. good, better, best bad, worse, worst
far, farther, farthest

Exercise 1: Complete each sentence using the comparative or superlative degree.

1. Iron is ................... (useful) than any other metal.
2. Many people consider the Taj Mahal to be the
.................. (wonderful) building in the world.
3. Both Rajan and Dravid read well. But Dravid is a
............... (good) reader.

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