Wednesday, October 12, 2011

tips for making successful presentation

II. Making Presentations

Speaking in public is an essential skill, be it participating in conferences, seminars, symposiums or meetings. Taking time to prepare and rehearse your presentation will ease the anxiety and the following notes are provided as guidelines to help you.

Planning the Presentation

1. Prepare

The first step in making a really effective presentation is to prepare. As the saying goes, “failing to prepare is preparing to fail.” You will also need to spend some time thinking about the audience. Who will be there? What will their expectations be? What level of knowledge do they possess at the moment, and so on.

2. Structure

Once you know what you want to include in your presentation, you will need to put it into a structure so that you can speak coherently. Your structure will look something like this:

Introduction - Opening courtesies, purpose of the presentation, and an outline. Don’t forget to introduce yourself!

Main Body - Go through the main points in a logical and coherent
fashion. Back up what you say with supporting facts, and remember to summarise often so people know where you are.

Conclusion - Summarise your main points again and emphasise what you want the audience to remember about your presentation. Thank them for their time.

Questions - This is a compliment, showing that the audience has been paying attention. Admit when you don’t know an answer, as you can always get back to them in the future.

Making the Presentation

To make a really effective presentation, you will need to do more than just get the words out in the right order.

.Enthusiasm is essential. Try to smile, and make eye contact
with members of the audience as often as possible. Remember, if you look bored, why should anybody else want to listen.
. Never mumble or gabble. Remember to speak slowly and
clearly, and keep your voice at a steady pitch. Pause regularly to allow the audience to digest what you havesaid.
. Short words and simple sentences will have more impact than the long and complicated syntax. Be sure to avoid jargon, too.
.Experienced presenters will use gestures to emphasise their points.
. Convert statistics into charts and graphs wherever possible, and put any lengthy detail into a handout which people can read at their leisure. PowerPoint is a very useful program for using in presentations.

Task 1: Using the following notes and suitable aids, make a short presentation of 1 minute on ‘The Works of Shakespeare.’

Any discussion of William Shakespeare’s life is bound to be loaded with superlatives. The 37 plays, 154 sonnets and miscellaneous verse constitute the literary cornerstone of Western
civilisation. Taken individually, several of them are among the world’s finest written works; taken collectively, they establish Shakespeare as the foremost literary talent of his own Elizabethan Age and, even more impressively, as a genius whose creative achievement has never been surpassed in any age.

Between the early 1590s (The Comedy of Errors) and the second decade of the seventeenth century (The Tempest written in 1611), Shakespeare composed the most extraordinary body of
works in the history of world drama. His works are often divided into periods, moving roughly from comedies to histories to tragedies and then to his final romances capped by a farewell to the stage in The Tempest.

In general, Shakespeare’s work falls into four major periods. The first period, 1590-1594 includes history plays and the early farces, The Comedy of Errors and The Taming of the Shrew, as well as the early romantic comedies, The Two Gentlemen of Verona and Love’s Labours Lost. The second period, 1595-1600, includes additional history plays, the great comedies, and The Merry Wives of Windsor. The third period, 1600-1608, is the period of Shakespeare’s great tragedies, and his three unusual “problem plays,” of which All’s Well That Ends Well is an example. Even in comedy, Shakespeare seems to be concerned with the darker aspects of the human spirit, and it is only because All’s Well and its companion piece, Measure for Measure, end happily that they are classified as “comedies.” There is a great deal of bitterness and near tragedy in both. The final period, 1609-1613, seems totally different in tone from the former works. This is the time when Shakespeare is writing his dramatic romances, represented here by The Winter’s Tale. The playwright is moving away from his earlier methods and is creating a new, symbolic, and reconciliatory kind of drama which is extremely subtle in its presentation of ideas. These late romances always contain elements of tragedy, but they conclude in reconciliation and, in their almost circular organisation, they seem to represent the repetition and varied occurrences of life itself.

The most famous of his comedies were As You Like It, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Taming of the Shrew, The Merchant of Venice and Twelfth Night. Of the history plays, portraying the lives of kings and royalty in most human terms, Henry IV and Richard II were greatly acclaimed. It’s in the tragedies that Shakespeare is at his best – they include, Antony
and Cleopatra, Hamlet, Julius Caesar, King Lear, Macbeth, Othello, and Romeo and Juliet. The Tempest and The Winter’s Tale were Romances. Shakespeare also wrote poetry of which the Sonnets, 154 in number, is the most noteworthy.

Task 2: Collect information on ‘The Great Barrier Reef’ to prepare a 2 minute presentation. Elaborate on the points given below to prepare notes:

The Great Barrier Reef is undisputed as one of the world’s most important natural assets. It is the largest natural feature on earth stretching more than 2,300 km along the northeast coast of Australia from the northern tip of Queensland to just north of Bundaberg…

Task 3: Answer the following questions by going through the extract below. Then make a 3 minute presentation on the information gathered.

1. What is the Jarkov-mammoth?
2. Where was it found?
3. How old was the mammoth?
4. How was the age of the mammoth determined?
5. What was taken to laboratories for analysis?
6. Briefly explain the methods used by scientists to thaw the ice block.
7. How are the expectations of the scientists different from what they are hoping?
8. What are the larger outcomes of the project?

The icy block containing the remains of the so-called Jarkov mammoth was carved out of the permafrost in northern Siberia.In essence, the giant block and other remains constitute a “slice of life” as it was 20,380 years ago, the age of the Jarkov mammoth as established by radiocarbon dating.

Samples of everything from mammoth hair to bone marrow to tiny Pleistocene plants have been taken to laboratories around the world for analysis. Much of the material comes from the original 23-ton block that was airlifted to an ice cave in the town of Khatanga. It still isn’t clear how complete the Jarkov mammoth’s remains are, as the gradual process of defrosting the giant chunk of permafrost continues. Scientists are using hair dryers in a frozen cave to thaw the block, millimeter by millimeter, and collect everything that doesn’t melt. Only a small fraction of the block has been revealed, but mammoth bones, hair and other items have
been found. It is still possible that meat or even organs lie farther down, but scientists have seen enough to determine that the mammoth is not as unbroken as they had originally hoped.

However, the project has never been just about a single mammoth; the intent has always been to learn about the animal in its environment, to find out about all the other fauna and flora that existed in the Pleistocene epoch in which it lived
.

1 comment:

Sam @ How to Prevent Fire said...

The site is so good and present so good posts to help one get control and fluency with their spoken English. Thanks a lot.
imitinef mercilet

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