Monday, April 25, 2016

reported speech

Press Reporter :  Sir, could you please tell us the purpose of the meeting?

Corporation : We have organised this meeting with the shop keepers. Official We want to find a solution to the problem of ‘sundal’ boys. They are deprived of basic education. Moreover it is essential to convince the employers to let the children go off for a while to study.

The reporter came back to his office and presented a report to his editor.

“A special meeting of the shopkeepers around Marina was organised by the corporation officials this morning. When asked, the corporation official told the reporter that they had organised that meeting with the shopkeepers in order to find out a solution to the problem of Sundal boys. He added that they were deprived of basic education and that it was essential to convince the employers to let the children go off for a while to study.”

Whenever a report is presented, the conversation which is in direct speech is presented in indirect speech. Hence it is called ‘ Reported Speech’.

If you go through the passages again you will notice that the following changes have taken in reported speech:

- A suitable reporting verb like said, asked, told is used.

- Comma and quotation marks are omitted and a conjunction is used.

- All first person pronouns ( I,we,my,our) are changed according to the speaker and second person pronouns (you, your) are changed according to the listener.

- If the reporting verb is in the past tense the tenses are changed except in a few cases like reporting universal truth or habitual action.

- Modal Auxiliary Verbs are changed to their corresponding past forms.

- When the reporting verb is in the past tense the tense of the verb is in direct speech becomes past perfect.



- Words expressing nearness of time and place are changed into words of distance, when time and place of reporting are different. They remain the same when reported during the same time from same place.

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