Wednesday, November 16, 2016

English Grammer- phrasal verbs.


Pussy cat
Pussy cat
Where have you been?
I’ve been to London
To look at the Queen.

Jack and Jill went up the hill
To fetch a pail of water.
Jack fell down And broke his crown,
Then Jill came Tumbling after.

Ding-dong bell
Pussy’s in the well
Who put her in?
Little Tommy thin
Who pulled her out?
Little Tommy Stout.

London bridge is falling down
Falling down, falling down
London bridge is falling down
My fair Lady.

I. Did you enjoy the rhymes? Look at the words that are bold in the above lines. They are phrasal verbs.

 ‘look at’, ‘went up’, ‘fell down’, ‘put in’, ‘pulled out’ and ‘falling down’

Look at the following sentences from the lesson.

Many sky watchers fall for me.
Man is cutting down trees.
Don’t keep on arguing.

Here, ‘fall for,’ ‘cut down,’ ‘keep on,’ are phrasal verbs.

Phrasal verbs are combinations of verbs with adverbial or prepositional particles. The meaning of a phrasal verb may differ greatly from the meaning of the individual words (Verb + particle) that go to make the phrasal verb.

Look at the following sentences containing phrasal verbs with their meanings given in brackets:

1. Two thieves broke in (entered by force) through the kitchen window
 They started looking for (searching for) valuables.
Finding nothing they gave up (discontinued) their search.

2. The flight took off (rose from the ground) from the Palam airport.
When the flight was in mid-air, a fire broke out (started) in the cabin.
Fortunately, the flight crew managed to put out (extinguish) the fire.

3. When the students asked permission to celebrate Teachers’ day, the principal thought over (considered) for a moment and asked them to go ahead (proceed).

4. While C stands for (represents) Celsius, F stands for Fahrenheit.

5. Before Sudha could tell the good news, Gayathri hung up (end a telephone conversation, suddenly).

Task 1 : Choose the best answer.

1. During the party all the lights ……….. (went out/came in)

2. Rani ………. her children with great care and discipline. (called for/brought up)

3. When the bell rang, the students…………..their bags and left. (gave up/packed up)

4. If you ……. for a moment, I’ll get him for you. (hold on/ and over)

5. The symbol ‘x’ usually ……… an unknown quantity in mathematics. (stands for/call for)

Task  2 :With the help of the dictionary, match the following phrasal verbs with their meanings.

Phrasal verbs                       Meanings

bring up                                  give

look after                          come with me

ask for                                choose/select

hand over                               rear children

wind up                                   request

hold on                                 investigate

work out                               take care of

pick out                         find by calculation or study

come along                                 end

look into                                     wait

Task 3 : Fill in the circles with particles and use the fou

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