Saturday, November 26, 2016

Grammar-What is Subject and verb ?


Look at the following sentences.

1. Kutraleeswaran swam in the sea.

(Kutraleeswaran        swam                  in the sea.)
          S                         V                            A
2. He was twelve.

 (He            was       twelve.)
    S               V           C

3. He bagged gold medals.

(He              bagged              gold medals)
   S                   V                         O

The naming words/word which represents the person / thing that performs the action is called Subject, (eg. Sent. 1 - Kutraleeswaran)

The action words/word is called Verb. (eg. Sent.l - swam)

The action word may complete the meaning of the sentence or may need more words to complete the meaning. If the verb phrase ends the meaning of the sentence, it is called the intransitive verb(vi) and the words following them usually answer the questions - when, where, why and how. These
words are referred to as Adjuncts, (eg. Sent.l - in the sea)

 If the verb phrase requires another word/words to complete the meaning, it is a Complement or an Object as the case may be.

In English, the ‘be’ verbs (am, is, are, was, were) and the verbs to seem, to appear, to become’ always take a complement, (eg. Sent.2 - twelve)

If the action verb is other than those mentioned above and requires a word to complete the meaning, it is said to be a transitive verb (vi) . (Some verbs can be either transitive or  intransitive eg. fly, smoke) The words following it may be an Object - direct or indirect, (eg. Sent.3 gold medals)

NOTE: In “She is a girl,” ‘is’ is a verb.  In “She is reading a letter,” ‘is’ is a part of the verbal
phrase ‘is reading’ and the verb is ‘read’. Is’ is the auxiliary.

No comments:

Best English conversation - Popular Posts